The University of Toledo
Urban Affairs Center
Recent UAC Publications
The Economic Value of the Toledo Public School System
Dr. Neil Reid, UAC Director, and Dr. Oleg Smirnov, Dept. of Economics, have completed an analysis of the Return on Investment and economic value of the Toledo Public School System. TPS, the largest school district in Lucas County and the fifth-largest district on Ohio, has an annual budget in excess of $400 million. It is one of the most valuable public enterprises in Lucas County with a economic footprint that spreads beyond the city limits in the wider local economy. From the Executive Summary:
Altogether, for every dollar of locally-funded public education, the economy receives between $4 and %5.60.
Trending Now ...
by Neil Reid, UAC Director
Welcome to the inaugural issue of Trending Now, a publication of The Urban Affairs Center at the University of Toledo. Three to four times a year, we will bring you what we consider to be cutting edge developments in the area of economic development and growth. Each issue will have a thematic focus and will cover an industry or an economic trend that we believe is new, exciting, and trending. Whatever the topic Trending Now will cover it from a variety of perspectives — national, regional, and local.
The focus of this first issue is America’s burgeoning craft beer industry. Commercial production of craft beer in one of America’s fastest growing industries.
>> Read the first issue of Trending Now
UAC Policy Points
Toledo-Lucas County Public Library: Economic Value and Return on Investment
The UAC and Toledo-Lucas County Public Library (TLCPL) jointly
initiated a study to determine the economic impact and the return on investment (ROI)
of the Libary on northwest Ohio. According to the Executive Summary from the study, TLCPL provides
2.86 Return on Investment (i.e., for every $1 spent, the Library returns $2.86), and
the economic value of public services provided by TLCPL in 2011 is
placed in the range of $118M to $136M per year.
Read the full report and the appendix.
“A State of Inequity in Ohio”
Funding and Service Disparities between Municipalities and Townships in Montgomery County, Ohio
The Greater Dayton Mayors and Managers Association asked UAC to examine the issue of service and tax equity in Montgomery County. How is it that Montgomery County townships are able to provide services without taxing the incomes of their residents? The study considered the following questions:
- Are the County's incorporated areas (cities and villages) paying for the costs of County services delivered to the unincorporated areas (townships) and then paying again for the same services for their own residents?
- Are current policies and practices, as historically developed, serving as a vehicle for the reallocation of public resources, economic opportunity, wealth, and population from cities to unincorporated areas?
- Are there hidden subsidies for people and businesses locating in unincorporated areas?
- Is there a financial penalty for living in a City or Village?
For comparison, UAC completed a similar analysis of the fiscal impact of public service delivery practices in Lucas County in 2002. UAC is currently updating this study with new data.
Ohio's Food Systems — Farms At the Heart of It All
UAC commissioned a study of Ohio's food system by Ken Meter of Crossroads Resource Center, a non-profit organization that works with communities and their allies to foster democracy and local self-determination. From the study's Options for Action:
This study has found that the prevailing food system in Ohio has failed to build health, wealth, connection and capacity in Ohio communities to the extent that Ohioans deserve. Indeed, the food system often frustrates these purposes.
In response, residents are actively building community-based networks that include clusters of food businesses, with supportive social connections, popular organizations, and policy inititives, that strive toward a better future for Ohio.
Potential Participation in an On-Campus Local Foods Buying ClubIn recent years, the interest in purchasing locally grown foods has been on the rise, and Toledo has been no exception to this trend. The idea of buying local, on the surface, is one that is easy to support. In an era where the majority of food products are produced on large scale farms, sent to centralized processors, packagers, and distributors, and sold at large chain retailers, some consumers are daunted by the real or perceived increases in cost and decreases in convenience. We conducted a survey of UT faculty and staff to learn more about the potential for a buying club on campus that would allow participants to purchase local foods, such as fruits, vegetables, and eggs, directly from producers and have them delivered to their workplace. Read the survey's final report.
UAC Publications Archive
The table that follows lists publications of the Urban Affairs Center. The table is initially sorted by publication title, but can also be sorted by author(s) or publication year by clicking on the header of the column desired. To view a publication, click word "Link" next to it's information.
All the documents in this table are copyrighted by The University of Toledo Urban Affairs Center.
|A Comparison of Growth Rates of Firms With and Without Tax Abatements||Randall, Martin||1999||Link|
|A Consideration of the Costs vs. Benefits of Distributing Water to Fulton County||LeSage, Conin||1996||Link|
|A Descriptive Study of Information Technology Needs in Toledo Area Businesses and Professions||Fritz, McGuire||2005||Link|
|An Assessment of the Former Libbey High School Neighborhood: Jobs, Education and Recreation||Eckert||2012||Link|
|An Evaluation of "Ohio Works First" as Implemented in Lucas County, Ohio||Cluse-Tolar, Jennings, Twitchell||2003||Link|
|A spatial examination of Ohio's economic growth||LeSage, Randall||2000||Link|
|Analysis of the Fiscal Impact of Public Service Delivery Practices in Lucas County, Ohio||Hinton, Beazley||2002||Link|
|Arrowhead Park: An Update||LeSage||1998||Link|
|Brownfield Redevelopment: A Resource Guide for Toledo and Other Ohio Governments, Developers, and Communities||McCarthy||2001||Link|
|Business Tax Revenue in the Toledo Area||Kozlowski||2005||Link|
|City of Toledo Payroll Tax Revenue||Kozlowski, McGuire||2000||Link|
|City of Toledo Payroll Tax Revenue Update||Kozlowski, McGuire||2001||Link|
|City of Toledo Total Tax Revenue Forecast for 2001||Kozlowski||2001||Link|
|Economic and Employment Analysis of Toledo MSA||UAC||1998||Link|
|Economic Consequences of Structural Changes in the Financial Industry in Northwest Ohio||Kozlowski||2003||Link|
|Enterprise Toledo (HTML and PowerPoint)||Wuest||2001||Link|
|Futurology as Further Ideology: Reflections on Pryor's Millennial Survey of Economists||McGuire||2000||Link|
|Growth, Movement, and Decline of Central-City and Suburban Manufacturing Firms||Randall, Martin||1997||Link|
|Impact of Economic Development Programs: Lessons from Six Ohio Cities||Bachelor||1996||Link|
|The Impact of The "New" University of Toledo on Ohio's Economy||Carroll, Reid, Wuest||2006||Link|
|Industrial Retention & Expansion Survey||Reid, Boezi, Wuest, Allen, Bielen||1997||Link|
|The Information Technology Industry in the State of Ohio and its Regions: 1989-2000||UUP||2000||Link|
|Neighborhood Commercial Development||UAC||1998||Link|
|The Ohio Economy (a joint publication of the UAC and the College of Business)||UAC, COB||1999-2001||Link|
|Test of the Urbanization Lag of China and Its Cost in Employment||Chang||2001||Link|
|Toledo's Example: Mini-Muni Options||McGuire||2000||Link|
|Toledo-Lucas County Merchant Study||Ajilore||2004||Link|
|Toledo Income Tax Revenue: Forecast 2002||Kozlowski, McGuire||2002||Link|
|Toledo Income Tax Revenue: March 2002 Update||Kozlowski||2002||Link|
|Toledo Income Tax Revenue: Forecast 2003||Kozlowski, McGuire||2003||Link|
|Toledo Income Tax Revenue: Forecast 2003 Update||Kozlowski||2003||Link|
|Toledo Income Tax Revenue: Forecast 2004||Kozlowski, McGuire||2004||Link|
|Toledo Income Tax Revenue: Forecast 2005||Kozlowski, McGuire||2005||Link|
|Toledo Income Tax Revenue: Forecast 2006||Kozlowski||2005||Link|
|Using Cluster-Based Economic Development to Enhance the Economic Competitiveness of Northwest Ohio's Greenhouse Industry||Carroll, Reid||2006||Link|
|Using Matrix Exponentials to Explore Spatial Structure in Regression Relationships||LeSage, Pace||2000||Link|
|Using Public Policy Making to Lock-in an Industry Structure: Social Construction of the Electric Utility Industry||McGuire, Granovetter||2000||Link|
|Where Will the Next Jobs Be?; A Study of the Context of Occupations in Northwest Ohio||Dwyer, Boden||2002||Link|
|Wind Energy Electrical Power Generation: The Life Cycle of a Radical Innovation||Dismukes, Miller, Jagani, Bers, Dubrovenski, Jennings||2006||Link|
|A Census of Public Computing in Toledo Ohio||Alkalimat, Williams||2002||Link|
|A Status Report on Educational Attainment of People of Color in Two Ohio Cities||Wilson, Erkins||2005||Link|
|Assessing Charter School Success||Opp, Hamer, Beltyukova||2001||Link|
|Brain Drain in Ohio; Observations and Summaries||Johnston, McGuire, Saevig||2006||Link|
|Center City, Center of Learning and Earning?||Katsinas, McGuire||2001||Link|
|Center City, Center of Learning and Earning? (Contents)||Katsinas, McGuire||2001||Link|
|City Schools and Natural Areas: A Case Study of Teachers using Natural Areas on School Grounds ...||Rop||2004||Link|
|Close to Home; A Review of the Literature on Learning in schoolyards and nearby natural settings, 1980 to the present||Rop||2004||Link|
|The Education of Hispanic/Latino Students in Toledo||Edwards, McGuire, Morales||2002||Link|
|High School Graduation and Brain Drain; Survey Results and Insights from the Toledo Metropolitan Area||McGuire, Besch, Lippert, Montor, Mosley, Hardy-Johnson||2007||Link|
|Learning Relationships: Improving Achievement in Public High School||Veh, Johnston||2003||Link|
|Race, Income, And Test Scores: A Structural Model of the Determinants of Test Scores in Toledo Elementary Schools||Wilson, Martin||1997||Link|
|Student Perceptions of Classroom Environment and Attitudes Toward Teaching and Learning in East Toledo Junior High||Beltyukova, Fox, Zhang||2006||Link|
|TAPESTRIES: A Successful Elementary Science Curriculum in Metropolitan Toledo||Czerniak, Beltyukova||2003||Link|
|UT University College Student Recruitment Survey||McGuire, Fox, Ogawa||2002||Link|
|Market Survey of University of Toledo Faculty and Staff Regarding Potential Participation in an On-Campus Local Foods Buying Club||Boardley, Eckert, Ross, Hallsy||2010||Link|
|An Analysis of Projected Financial Impacts of a Possible Sylvania Township—City of Sylvania Merger||Hinton, Bachelor||2007||Link|
|Are We Making A Change?: The Data and Research Needs of Toledo Area Non-Profit Organizations||Stoecker||2004||Link|
|CDBG Study - City of Toledo: Executive Summary||Austin, Johnston, Wuest||2003||Link|
|CDBG Study - City of Toledo: Full Report||Austin, Johnston, Wuest||2003||Link|
|Community Based Restructuring||Indegaard||1996||Link|
|Cost-Effectiveness of Selected PRC Programs of the Lucas County Department of Job and Family Services||Stoecker||2002||Link|
|Crossing the Development-Organizing Divide: A Report on the Toledo Community Organizing Training ...||Stoecker||2001||Link|
|The Development of CATNeT||Stuber||1997||Link|
|Domestic Violence: Court Case Conviction and Recidivism in Toledo||Davis, Ventura||2004||Link|
|Effect of CCA Treated Utility Poles on the Urban Environment In Toledo Ohio||Abraham, Jarden||2004||Link|
|The Ford Plan 2002||UAC||2002||Link|
|The Greater Findlay Community Plan||Partners for Innovation, UAC||2006||Link|
|The Impact of Using Market-Value to Replacement-Cost Ratios on Housing Insurance in Toledo Neighborhoods||Martin, Randall||1999||Link|
|Implementation of On-Site Enhanced Wastewater Treatment Systems in Toledo||Kim||2004||Link|
|Limited Access: The Information Superhighway And Ohio's Neighborhood-Based Organizations||Stoecker, Stuber||1997||Link|
|Local Smart Growth Study Preliminary Results||UAC||2001||Link|
|Lucas County Community Satisfaction Survey||Haase, Mirzoyants, Rice, Wuest||2009||Link|
|Lumpy Stew - Toledo's Ethnic Neighborhoods||UAC||2002||Link|
|Old West End Renascence Community Planning Charrette: Vision 1||UAC||2002||Link|
|Old West End Renascence Community Planning Charrette: Vision 2||UAC||2002||Link|
|Old West End Renascence Community Planning Charrette: Vision 3||UAC||2002||Link|
|Patterns in Accessibility to Hospital Services in Ohio||Lindquist, Muraco, Edwards||2000||Link|
|Preliminary Results of the local Smart Growth Survey||UAC||2001||Link|
|Reflections on Collaborative Responses to Domestic Violence||Heberle||2000||Link|
|Remembering the Good Old Days Can Improve the Quality of Life of Senior Adults||Tatchell, Jordan||2004||Link|
|Smart Growth Survey of Residents of NW Ohio and SE Michigan||Coventry, Johnston, Wuest||2002||Link|
|Social Capital and Cyberpower in the African American Community||Alkalimat||2000||Link|
|Social Cyberpower in the Everyday Life of an African American Community||Alkalimat, Williams||2004||Link|
|The State of Hispanics/Latino/as in Lucas County and its Surrounds||Stoecker, Wuest, Rice||2006||Link|
|Access to Recourse: An Exploratory Study Seeking to Understand the Workings of the Lucas County Court System and Barriers to its Use||Davis, Fox, McGuire||2004||Link|
|Transportation Information Study||UAC||2001||Link|
|UUP Health Care Study (Text)||Lindquist, Edwards||2000||Link|
|UUP Health Care Study (Figures)||Lindquist, Edwards||2000||Link|
|Local Government Reform and Collaboration||Mirzoyants, Rice, Reid, Ross, Wuest||2009||Link|
Authors of UAC reports can follow these suggestions for formatting reports to be published by UAC, or they can download and use the UAC report template.
(Note: web links and email addresses in the above publications may not be valid depending on the age of the document.)
The documents below were produced by other agencies or institutions, some in conjunction with UAC or with UAC support. Each document will open in a new window; each is a PDF document.
- City of Dayton: Creative Government in the 21st Century (Center for Urban & Public Affairs, Wright State University 2006)
- Driving Ohio's Prosperity: Growing the Value of Automotive & Advanced Manufacturing in Central Ohio (2008)
Publications With UAC Involvement
- Centerville City – Washington Township Merger in Montgomery County, Ohio
- Component Manufacturing: Ohio's Future in the Renewable Energy Industry
- Economic and Jobs Impacts of the Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Industries: U.S. and Ohio
- Exploring the Public Value of Ohio's History (UAC and the Ohio Historical Society, 2009)
- Downtown Toledo Community College Study: Contents and Executive Summary, Complete Study Text, Toledo Blade coverage of the study.
- Downtown Toledo Residential Market Potential: Study, Appendices 1 & 2, Appendix 3
- Erie Street Market Redevelopment Study
- Expanding Regional Freight Information Resources for Northwest Ohio: An International Freight Resource Delivery System (A Partnership between GISAG Center, Intermodal Transportation Institute, The Urban Affairs Center and The Lucas County Port Authority; 2006)
- Financial Evolution in Core and Peripheral Areas: Tracking Toledo's Metropolitan Experience (Kozlowski, 2006)
- Hancock County Revealed: an effort to provide current, relevant, and accurate information related to the issues and challenges faced by the people of Hancock County. A joint project by UAC, the UT Center for Creative Instruction, and a partnership of agencies from Hancock County, Ohio: The Findlay-Hancock County Community Foundation, the Hancock County Board of Alcohol, Drug Addiction & Mental Health Services, and the United Way of Hancock County. The metadata related to this project (data types, sources, locations, etc.) is available here (an Excel file compiled by UAC and Gregg Rice, former UAC Data Manager).
- Lucas County Comprehensive Economic Development Strategy (CEDS):
- New Schools New Neighborhoods: a neighborhood-based redevelopment plan for three target areas in central-city Toledo, Ohio
- Northwest Ohio Economic Research Council Documents
- Oral Histories of Maumee Valley Growers
- Our Future is in Our Hands: Report and Recommendations of the Toleo Housing Task Force (April 2007)
- Shrinking Cities in the Industrial Belt: A Focus on Small and Mid-size Cities in Northwestern Ohio (UAC Research Associate Dr. Sujata Shetty for the UUP WORC; 2009)
- “A State of Inequity in Ohio” - Funding and Service Disparities between Municipalities and Townships in Montgomery County, Ohio (with The Greater Dayton Mayors and Managers Association; 2011)
- Sustainability Family Style: Documenting the Lives of Growers, Gardeners, and Family Farmers in Northwest Ohio (UAC with support from the Ohio Humanities Council, a state affiliate of the National Endowment for the Humanities and the assistance of The National Center for Nature Photography/Metroparks; 2009)
- Roundtable on Neighborhoods in America (1993)
- Proposal for a Neighborhood Roundtable
- Toledo Blade: Neighborhood activists set for a meeting in Little Rock
- Report of The Roundtable on Neighborhoods in America
- Toledo Blade: Clinton turns to Toledo to help map urban plans
- Toledo Community Food Assessment: a project of Toledo Area Ministries, UT's Sociology & Anthropology Dept., and the UAC
- Toledo Metropatterns (report by Myron Orfield's Ameregis research group.
- Toledo-Lucas County Economic Development and Innovation Plan (Hammer-Siler-George)
Printed copies of Urban Affairs Center reports can be requested by contacting the UAC via email to email@example.com. When requesting a report, please indicate the year the report was published, its author, and its title.